The Bund is the German 10-Year Treasury bill, also known as a government bond. A holder of a bond is a creditor, and the issuer of a bond is called a borrower or debtor. When the price of the Bund increases, the yield received on that bond decreases and vice versa.
What is the relationship between Bund and EURUSD? Why is this relationship there?
The relationship between the Bund and EURUSD is inversely correlated - when the yield of the Bund increases, the Euro is , and when it decreases it is . One thing to note is that the price of a bond and the yield received is also inversely correlated.
The relationship is there because during periods of uncertainty, people generally look for less risky positions (they may liquidate any equity positions they may hold and invest in bonds if they have low confidence in the stock market). This new demand for bonds pushes the price higher, but forces the yields down. A quick equation can show why this occurs:
Let's say we have a bond priced at £1,000 with a 10% coupon rate (the amount you can expect to return per annum). The equation would be (£100/£1000) where yield = coupon value/price of bond. If the price of the bond increases to £2000, the yield decreases (£100/£2000) = 5% PA.
For a bond holder looking to sell the bond at a later date, this is good as they have already locked in the rate of interest that they will be paying. However, as a buyer of a bond, you want to be buying low to lock in a higher yield.
A concise explanation about what influences bond prices can be found at Investopedia (http://www.investopedia.com/articles/forex/05/041305.asp). I have borrowed from that below.
The factor that influences a bond more than any other is the level of prevailing interest rates in the economy. When interest rates rise, the prices of bonds in the market fall, thereby raising the yield of the older bonds and bringing them into line with newer bonds being issued with higher coupons. When interest rates fall, the prices of bonds in the market rise, thereby lowering the yield of the older bonds and bringing them into line with newer bonds being issued with lower coupons.
Bond yields and FX
The spreads of the 10Y bonds can be used to gauge the direction for currencies as well. When the yield spread increases in favour of a certain currency, it is likely that you will see that currency appreciate vs others. When a yield spread tops or bottoms out, you can expect the related currency to begin to fall/rise in the following months. Playing on interest rate differentials is known as carry trading.
Above graph explained
The Bund is testing back to its 200 day . On the recent occasions when it has tested here, it has failed to break above, however, the upward momentum appears to be intact .
In the short term there is clear divergence between Bund & EURUSD .
Furthermore our model shows the Bund as being a weakest suggesting it would like to go & turn and indeed it would be back in a trend through 154 vs close last night of 152 .9.
Form your own opinions.
Losses may exceed deposits.
Though Grexit uncertainty is down ...as believed by markets, Greek bond markets dont believe it I guess, as the Greek yield curve is still inverted !