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Ichimoku Kinkō Hyō

The Ichimoku Kinko Hyo is an trading system developed by the late Goichi Hosoda (pen name "Ichimokusanjin") when he was the general manager of the business conditions department of Miyako Shinbun, the predecessor of the Tokyo Shimbun. Currently, it is a registered trademark of Economic Fluctuation Research Institute Co., Ltd., which is run by the bereaved family of Hosoda as a private research institute.

The Ichimoku Kinko Hyo is composed of time theory, price range theory (target price theory) and wave movement theory. Ichimoku means "At One Glace". The equilibrium table is famous for its span, but the first in the equilibrium table is the time relationship.

In the theory of time, the change date is the day after the number of periods classified into the basic numerical value such as 9, 17, 26, etc., the equal numerical value that takes the number of periods of the past wave motion, and the habit numerical value that appears for each issue is there. The market is based on the idea that the buying and selling equilibrium will move in the wrong direction. Another feature is that time is emphasized in order to estimate when changes will occur.

In the price range theory, there are E・V・N・NT calculated values ​​and multiple values ​​of 4 to 8E as target values. In addition, in order to determine the momentum and direction of the market, we will consider other price ranges and ying and yang numbers.

If the calculated value is realized on the change date calculated by each numerical value, the market price is likely to reverse.

転換線 (Tenkansen) (Conversion Line) = (highest price in the past 9 periods + lowest price) ÷ 2

基準線 (Kijunsen) (Base Line) = (highest price in the past 26 periods + lowest price) ÷ 2
It represents Support/Resistance for 16 bars. It is a 50% Fibonacci Retracement . The Kijun sen is knows as the "container" of the trend. It is prefect to use as an initial stop and/or trailing stop.

先行スパン1 (Senkou span 1) (Lagging Span 1) = {(conversion value + reference value) ÷ 2} 25 periods ahead (26 periods ahead including the current day, that is)

先行スパン2 (Senkou span 2) (Lagging Span 2) = {(highest price in the past 52 periods + lowest price) ÷ 2} 25 periods ahead (26 periods ahead including the current day, that is)

遅行スパン (Chikou span) (Lagging Span) = (current candle closing price) plotted 26 periods before (that is, including the current day) 25 periods ago
It is the only Ichimoku indicator that uses the closing price. It is used for momentum of the trend.

The area surrounded by the two lagging span lines is called a cloud. This is the foundation of the system. It determines the sentiment (Bull/Bear) for the insrument. If price is above the cloud, the instrument is bullish . If price is below the cloud, the instrument is bearish .

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The wave theory of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo has the following waves.
All about the rising market. If it is the falling market, the opposite is true.

I wave rise one market price.
V wave the market price that raises and lowers.
N wave the market price for raising, lowering, and raising.
P wave the high price depreciates and the low price rises with the passage of time. Leave either.
Y wave the high price rises and the low price falls with the passage of time. Leave either.
S wave A market in which the lowered market rebounds and rises at the previous high level.

There are the above 6 types but the basis of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo is the N wave of 3 waves.
In Elliott wave theory and similar theories, basically there are 5 waves but 5 waves are a series of 2 and 3 waves N, 3 for 7 waves, 4 for 9 waves and so on.

Even if it keep continuing, it will be based on N wave. In addition, since the P wave and the Y wave are separated from each other, they can be seen as N waves from a large perspective.

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There are basic E・V・N・NT calculated values ​​and several other calculation methods for the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo. It is the only calculated value that gives a concrete value in the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, which is difficult to understand, but since we focus only on the price difference and do not consider the supply and demand , it is forbidden to stick to the calculated value alone.

(The calculation method of the following five calculated values ​​is based on the rising market price, which is raised from the low price A to the high price B and lowered from the high price B to the low price C. Therefore, the low price C is higher than the low price A)

E calculated value The amount of increase from the low price A to the high price B is added to the high price B. = B + (BA)
V calculated value Adds the amount of decline from the high price B to the low price C to the high price B. = B + ( BC )
N calculated value The amount of increase from the low price A to the high price B is added to the low price C. = C + (BA)
NT calculated value Adds the amount of increase from the low price A to the low price C to the low price C. = C + (CA)
4E calculated value (four-layer double / quadruple value) Adds three times the amount of increase from the low price A to the high price B to the high price B. = B + 3 × (BA)
Calculated value of P wave The upper price is devalued and the lower price is rounded up, and the price range of both is the same.
Calculated value of Y wave The upper price is rounded up and the lower price is rounded down, and the price range of both is the same.
Open-source script

In true TradingView spirit, the author of this script has published it open-source, so traders can understand and verify it. Cheers to the author! You may use it for free, but reuse of this code in a publication is governed by House Rules. You can favorite it to use it on a chart.

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