The is a reversal pattern of an upward trend in a stock's price. The marks an uptrend in the process of becoming a downtrend.
Sometimes called an "M" formation because of the pattern it creates on the chart, the is one of the most frequently seen and common of the patterns. Because they seem to be so easy to identify, the should be approached with caution by the investor.
Head and Shoulders:
The classic Top looks like a human head with shoulders on either side of the head. A perfect example of the pattern has three sharp high points, created by three successive rallies in the price of the financial instrument.
is extremely important for this pattern!!
A Continuation ( ) consists of two converging . The are slanted upward. Unlike the Triangles where the apex is pointed to the right, the apex of this pattern is slanted upwards at an angle. This is because prices edge steadily higher in a converging pattern i.e. there are higher highs and higher lows. A signal occurs when prices break below the lower .
Over the weeks or months that this pattern forms the trend appears upwards but the long-term range is still downward.