Rotation Factor for TPO and OHLC (Classic)

nico-von Updated   
The Rotation Factor objectively measures attempted market direction(or market sentiment) for a given period. It records the cumulative directional attempts of auction rotations within a given period, thus, helping traders determine which way the market is trying to go and which market participant is exerting greater control or influence.


The premise is that a greater number of bars auctioning higher contrasted to bars auctioning lower indicates that buyers are exerting greater control over price within the given period(usually daily). In this case, the market is attempting to go higher (Market is Bullish). The same is true for a greater number of bars auctioning lower than higher, which, in this case, indicates that the sellers are exerting greater control over price within the given period and that the market is attempting to go lower (Market is Bearish).


Each bar is individually measured in relation to the immediate previous bar, and calculations are reset at the beginning of each period.

For every bar, two variables are utilised: One for the highs and another for the lows. During bar start, these variables are initiated at 0.

As the period progresses, these variables are set accordingly: If the high of the current bar is higher than that of the previous bar, then the bar's highs variable is assigned a "+1". If the opposite is true, it is given a "-1". Finally, if both bar highs are equal, it is, instead, assigned a "0". The same is true for the lows: if the low of the current bar is higher than that of the previous low, then the bar's lows variable is assigned a "+1". Similarly, the opposite is given a "-1", while equal lows causes it to be assigned a "0". All highs and lows are then summed together resulting to a total, which becomes the Rotational Factor.

Furthermore, this Rotation Factor Indicator is presented as it is calculated, which is the presentation utilised by classic sources (hence the name classic).

1. Customisable Tick Size/Granularity: The calculation tick size/ granularity is customisable which can be accessed through the indicator settings.
2. Customisable Labels: The colour and sizes used by the labels are customisable the better for accessibility.
3. Period Separator: A separator is rendered to represent period borders (start and end). If separators are already present on your chart, you can remove them from the indicator settings.

Works for both split Market Profile(TPO) charts and regular OHLC bars/candle charts

The Rotation Factor is usually used with a Split Market Profile (TPO). However, if no such tool is available, you will still be able to benefit from the Rotation Factor as the price ranges of Split Market Profiles and OHLC bars/candles are one and the same. In such cases, it is recommended that you set your chart to use a 30 minute timeframe and the indicator's period to "daily" to simulate a Split Market Profile.

The Rotation Factor is, to quote, "by no means not an all-conclusive indication of future market direction.". It only helps determine which way the market is trying to go by objectively measuring the market's directional attempts.
Release Notes:
Mini Update

1. The default setting for Use Custom Ticks for Factor Calculation is set to false.
2. Set display of size inputs to

Behind every successful Bull and Bear is a Penguin.
Open-source script

In true TradingView spirit, the author of this script has published it open-source, so traders can understand and verify it. Cheers to the author! You may use it for free, but reuse of this code in a publication is governed by House Rules. You can favorite it to use it on a chart.


The information and publications are not meant to be, and do not constitute, financial, investment, trading, or other types of advice or recommendations supplied or endorsed by TradingView. Read more in the Terms of Use.

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