The indicator will help you find levels of interest based on where other market participants are opening and closing their positions. This provides a deeper insight into market activity and serves as a foundation for various different trading strategies (trapped traders, supply and demand, support and resistance, liquidity gaps, imbalances,liquidation levels, etc). Additionally, this indicator can be used in conjunction with other tools such as Volume Profile.
Open Interest (OI) is a key metric in derivatives markets that refers to the total number of unsettled or open contracts. A contract is a mutual agreement between two parties to buy or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price. Each contract consists of a long side and a short side, with one party consenting to buy (long) and the other agreeing to sell (short). The party holding the long position will profit from an increase in the asset's price, while the one holding the short position will profit from the price decline. Every long position opened requires a corresponding short position by another market participant, and vice versa. Although there might be an imbalance in the number of accounts or traders holding long and short contracts, the net value of positions held on each side remains balanced at a 1:1 ratio. For instance, an Open Interest of 100 BTC implies that there are currently 100 BTC worth of longs and 100 BTC worth of shorts open in the market. There might be more traders on one side holding smaller positions, and fewer on the other side with larger positions, but the net value of positions on both sides is equivalent - 100 BTC in longs and 100 BTC in shorts (1:1). Consider a scenario where a trader decides to open a long position for 1 BTC at a price of $30k. For this long order to be executed, a counterparty must take the opposite side of the contract by placing a short order for 1 BTC at the same price of $30k. When both long and short orders are matched and executed, the Open Interest increases by 1 BTC, indicating the introduction of this new contract to the market.
The meaning of fluctuations in Open Interest:
- OI Increase - signifies new positions entering the market (both longs and shorts).
- OI Decrease - indicates positions exiting the market (both longs and shorts).
- OI Flat - represents no change in open positions due to low activity or a large number of contract transfers (contracts changing hands instead of being closed).
Typically, we monitor Open Interest in the form of its running value, either on a chart or through OI Delta histograms that depict the net change in OI for each price bar. This indicator enhances Open Interest analysis by illustrating the distribution of changes in OI on the price axis rather than the time axis (akin to Volume Profiles). While Volume Profile displays the volume that occurred at a given price level, the Open Interest Profile offers insight into where traders were opening and closing their positions.
How to use the indicator?
1. Add the script to your chart
2. A prompt will appear, asking you to select the “Start Time” (start of the range) and the “End Time” (end of the range) by clicking anywhere on your chart.
3. Within a few seconds, a profile will be generated. If you wish to alter the selected range, you can drag the "Start Time" and "End Time" markers accordingly.
4. Enjoy the script and feel free to explore all the settings.
To learn more about each input in indicator settings, please read the provided tooltips. These can be accessed by hovering over or clicking on the ( i ) symbol next to the input.
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In true TradingView spirit, the author of this script has published it open-source, so traders can understand and verify it. Cheers to the author! You may use it for free, but reuse of this code in a publication is governed by House Rules. You can favorite it to use it on a chart.