Understanding Forex Correlation πŸ“ˆπŸ“‰

OANDA:GBPJPY   British Pound / Japanese Yen
Hello Traders! πŸ˜ƒ In this education idea, we are going to cover Forex Correlation and how you can use this information to help you make wise decisions in the market. Let's get started on this important topic...

What is Currency Correlation?

A currency correlation in forex is a positive or negative relationship between two separate currency pairs. A positive correlation means that two currency pairs move in tandem, and a negative correlation means that they move in opposite directions. Correlations can provide opportunities to realize a greater profit, or they can be used to hedge your forex positions and exposure to risk. If you can be certain that one currency pair will move alongside or against another, then you can either open another position to maximize your profits, or you could open another position to hedge your current exposure in case volatility increases in the market. However, if your forecasts are wrong when trading currency correlations, or if the markets move in an unexpected way, you could incur a steeper loss, or your hedge could be less effective than anticipated.

What is the Correlation Coefficient?

The correlation coefficient measures the correlation between different assets – in this case, currency pairs. It ranges from one number to another representing a perfect or negative correlation. For example, Mataf - www.mataf.net/en/for...ex/tools/correlation uses a correlation coefficient above 80 and positive to indicate that currencies move in the same way. It also uses a correlation coefficient above 80 and negative to show that the currencies move in the opposite way.

Why is it Important to Know if Currency Pairs are Positive or Negatively Correlated?

Currency correlation is important for traders to understand because it can have a direct impact on forex trading​ results, often without the trader’s awareness. As an example, assume that a trader buys two different currency pairs that are negatively correlated. The gains in one may be offset by losses in the other, which is often used as a hedging strategy. Meanwhile, buying two correlated pairs may double the risk and profit potential, since both trades will result in a loss or profit. They are not fully independent since the pairs move in the same direction.

What Are the Most Highly Correlated Currency Pairs?

The most highly correlated currency pairs are usually those with close economic ties. For example, EUR/USD and GBP/USD are often positively correlated because of the close relationship between the euro and the British pound – including their geographic proximity, and their status as two of the world’s most widely-held reserve currencies.

How to Trade Forex Pair Correlations?

You can trade forex pair correlations by identifying which currency pairs have a positive or negative correlation to each other. In the conventional sense, you would open two of the same positions if the correlation was positive, or two opposing positions if the correlation was negative. This is because if there was a perfect negative correlation between USD/CAD and AUD/USD having a long position on both pairs would effectively cancel each other out since the pairs would be assumed to move in opposing directions. But, if the correlation was perfectly positive, separate long positions on different pairs might help to increase your profits – or it could increase your losses if your forecasts are incorrect.

Final Thoughts

Before entering a trade with multiple positions, refer to a currency correlation chart to ensure that the pairs are positive or negatively correlated. It's important not to assume because some currency pairs may appear to move the same due to have the same base currency, but that is not always the case.

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