Rio Tinto Ltd. produces iron ore for steel, aluminium for cars and smart phones, copper for wind turbines, diamonds that set the standard for “responsible”, titanium for household products and borates for crops that feed the world. It operates through the following segments: Iron Ore, Aluminium, Copper & Diamonds, Energy and Minerals, and Other Operations. The Iron Ore segment exports iron ore pellets and high-grade concentrate. The Aluminum segments focuses on bauxite mines and alumina refineries. The Copper & Diamonds segment produces gold, silver, molybdenum, and by-products. The Energy & Minerals segment offers uranium, borates, salt, and titanium dioxide feedstock together with coal operations. The company was founded on December 17, 1959 and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia.